24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881
Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest

Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest

The_Hall_Of_Prayer_1.jpg

Introduction
The Hall of Prayer for Good Harvests (祈年殿) is a magnificent triple-gabled circular building, 36 meters in diameter and 38 meters tall, built on three levels of marble stone base, where the Emperor prayed for good harvests. The building is completely wooden, with no nails. The original building was burned down by a fire caused by lightning in 1889. The current building was re-built several years after the incident.

History & Background
The hall was originally built in 1420 based on a model of the Temple of Heaven and Earth in Nanjing. At that time, it was called the Hall of Great Sacrifice. 

In 1530, the Temple of Earth was built in the northern part of Beijing, so only heaven was worshipped here. 

The hall was restored in 1751 and given its present name. 

In 1889, lightning caused extensive fire damage to the hall, but fortunately it was reconstructed.

Architecture & Structure
The hall is a cone-shaped structure with triple eaves. Originally, the triple eaves were painted in different colors. The top was blue, which symbolized Heaven, the middle was yellow to symbolize the emperor and the bottom was green to represent commoners. During the Emperor Qianlong's reign (1736-1795), all the eaves were painted blue to follow the color of the sky.

A six meter high, triple-tiered circular stone terrace forms the base of the structure. The hall is 32 meters high and 30 meters in diameter. In the past, the hall was one of the highest buildings in Beijing. Despite its size, only 28 massive wooden pillars support the entire structure.

The_Hall_Of_Prayer_3.jpgThe_Hall_Of_Prayer_2.jpg

A number of wooden bars, laths and brackets join the entire structure together. Steel and cement were not used. The four large pillars in the center are known as the Dragon Well Pillars with each pillar representing one of the four seasons. The other 24 pillars are arranged in two circles surrounding the four central ones. The 12 inner pillars represent the 12 months of the year and the 12 outer pillars represent the divisions of day and night.

The ceiling framework is extremely intricate. The first or the lowest roof rests on a circular framework that is supported by the 24 outer pillars. The second roof partially rests on the 12 inner pillars and partially in the circle itself which is supported by crossbeams that are connected to the four Dragon Well Pillars. The third and highest roof rests on the four central pillars and on eight shorter pillars that are built on the same circular framework. A dragon is carved into the center of the ceiling and it represents supreme power and royalty.

The_Hall_Of_Prayer_4.jpgThe_Hall_Of_Prayer_5.jpg

A round marble stone called the dragon and Phoenix stone lies in the center of the room. Its name comes from pattern of the stone which resembles a dragon and phoenix.

Function
The tablets of heaven and the tablets of dead emperor are found on the platforms. The tablets of heaven are in the center. Silk fabrics, jade carvings, fruit wines and other such items were placed in front of each tablet as an offering. Also, a pig, sheep or a cow was sacrificed at each ceremony.

Rectangular, blue-roofed buildings stood on either side of the courtyard. These buildings originally served as annexes; however, the west building is now a souvenir shop and the east one is an exhibition room for all the musical instruments used in the ceremony.

The Hall of Zenith is located on the lower level north of the Hall of Prayer for Good Harvest. The tablets for the ceremony of prayer were usually kept in the Hall of Zenith.  There are many wax statutes that illustrate what an imperial ceremony was like.

Information

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Most Popular Beijing City Highlights Day Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City,Temple of Heaven,Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:One of most recommended Beijing day tours, to visit the most famous tourist sites includes Beijing Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and experience the Beijing Hutong culture within one day.

View Details
From $65 p/p
One Day Private Beijing Essence Highlights Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Booking one day Beijing highlights tour will let you to visit the main attractions in Beijing city, includes Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $70 p/p
2-Day Classic Beijing City Sightseeing Tour Package

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Lama Temple, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:By this 2 days Beijing city sightseeing tour to discover the top sights around Beijing with personal tour guide and driver. Tour to the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Temple of Heaven and the historic temples, head out to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China as well.

View Details
From $135 p/p
Private 2-day Beijing City Highlights Tour

Duration:2 Days, 1Night

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Mutianyu Greatwall, Temple of Heaven, Ming Tombs

Tour Style:Beijing 2 Day Package Tour covers major place to see in Beijing. With our professional Beijing tour guide will know the history of Forbbiden city, experience the hiking on the Great Wall...

View Details
From $145 p/p
3-Day Beijing Scenic Tour with Mutianyu Great Wall

Duration:3 Days, 2 Nights

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Tian'anmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Mutianyu Great Wall, Dingling Tomb, Bird's Nest, Lama Temple, Drum Tower, Nuluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:Create your perfect Beijing tour itinerary with this private 3-day combo package. Visit up to 10 attractions of your choice including the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Forbidden City, and Tiananmen Square; enjoy the convenience of daily hotel pickup and private transport; and explore each attraction at your own pace.

View Details
From $255 p/p

Live Chat

Certificate of Excellence
2018

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2017

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2016

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Contact Phone Number: *
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

ASTA Pata CATS IATA

We accept:

We accept

Email:

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.