24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378

Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Marco Polo Bridge

Marco Polo Bridge

Marco_Polo_Bridge_1.jpg

Introduction
Marco polo bridge is a stone bridge located 15 km southwest of Beijing city center in the Fengtai District. It bridges the Yongding River, a major tributary of Hai River. According to historical records, the "Lugou River is also called the Heishui (Black Water) River." In the local dialect in ancient times, lu (reed) meant black; Thus the Heishui River became known as the Lugou River, and the bridge was accordingly given the same name.

History & Background
                                                               Over this river there is a very fine stone bridge, so fine indeed, that it has very few equals in the world.

                                                                                      —?The Travels of Marco Polo
Construction of the original bridge on this site commenced in 1189, the final year of Emperor Shizong of Jin's reign and was completed under his successor in 1192. Following damage from the flooding Yongding, the bridge was reconstructed under the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty in 1698. The Marco Polo Bridge is well-known because it was highly praised by the Venetian traveler Marco Polo during his visit to China in the 13th century (leading the bridge to become known in Europe simply as the Marco Polo Bridge), and for the 20th century Marco Polo Bridge Incident, which marked the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).

Following the Communist takeover of China in 1949, the bridge was decked in asphalt and carried motor vehicular traffic.

Structure & Architecture
The Marco Polo Bridge is 266.5 meters (874 ft) in length and 9.3 m (30.5 ft) in width, supported on 10 piers and 11 segmental arches. Hundreds of artistically unique stone lions from different eras line both sides of the bridge. The most intriguing feature of these beasts is the fact that there are more lions hiding on the head, back or under the belly or on paws of each of the big lions.

Marco_Polo_Bridge_2.jpg

The people of Beijing have a saying to the effect that "the lions of the Lugou Bridge are too numerous to count," which is explained by the fact that the lions are carved in a great variety of aspects and distributed unequally among the 280 white marble posts. A pair of vividly carved reclining stone elephants and a number of other animal figures guards each end of the bridge.

Marco_Polo_Bridge_5.jpg

However, record has it that there were originally a total of 627 lions. The posture of each lion varies, as do their ages. Most date from the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, some are from the earlier Yuan dynasty (1271–1368); while the few lions dating from as long ago as the Jin dynasty (1115-1234) are now quite rare, for the 800 years since its completion, the bridge has been a well known scenic spot in Beijing.

As well as being famed for its aesthetic features, Marco Polo Bridge is also considered to be an architectural masterpiece. It is built of granite, with a large central arch flanked by ten smaller ones. Each of the ten piers is protected by triangular iron pillars that have been installed to prevent damage by flood and ice.

Marco_Polo_Bridge_4.jpg

Marco Polo Bridge Incident
On July 7, 1937, the Japanese army launched a military exercise near Lugouqiao (Marco Polo Bridge) in southwestern Beijing (Beiping). They later claimed one of their soldiers was missing and asked to enter the Wanping County to look for him. Knowing the Chinese army would reject the request, they used this as an excuse to launch a full scale attack.

The intruding Japanese forces assaulted Lugou Bridge or Lugouqiao(known as the Marco Polo Bridge), and Chinese defending soldiers responded by gun fire. This has been known as the world-famous Lugou Bridge Incident, which marked the beginning of Japan's all-out aggression against China as well as of China's War of Resistance to Japan.

Thereafter July 7 became the very day for marking the incident.

Fighting courageously and uninterruptedly against Japanese aggressor troops for eight straight years, Chinese people the final victory on August 15, 1945 when Japan surrendered unconditionally.

Information
How to get to Marco Polo Bridge

1. Take bus 309, 329, 339, 458, 459, 624, 661, 662 or 952 and get off at Lugou Xinqiao Station.

2. Take bus 77, 96, 97, 133, 310, 313, 452, 843, 896, 983, or Fast Transit Line 45, 97, 145, or Special Line 17 and get off at Kangzhan Diaosuyuan (Sculpture Garden) Station.

3.Take Subway Line 14 and get off at Dawayao Station. Get out from Exit D.
Then take bus 339 at Xidaokou Bei Station and get off at Lugou Xinqiao Station.

Openning Hours
April - October: 07:00 to 20:00
November - March: 07:00 to 18:00

Tikcet Price: CNY 20

Mosted Asked Questions about Marco Polo Bridge

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Duration:7 - 8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Immerse yourself in the Historic city of Beijing during a full-day tour of the city’s most significant historical sites: Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Tian’anmen Square and the Summer Palace. The four sightseeing spots provide great insight into the palace life and the imperial court ceremonials of more than 600 years ago. Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $79 p/p

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Optional activities: Legend of Kung Fu Show; Peking duck Dinner

Tour Style:Join an expert guide for a private tour of Beijing’s most fascinating destinations and UNESCO Sites, from the Forbidden City to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China. Take the stress out of planning transport by having hotel/Airport/Train station pickup and drop-off included. Flexible tour with a choice to enjoy an evening show or eat an authentic Chinese delicacy – Peking duck to enhance the tour experience.

View Details
From $195 p/p

Duration:3 Day 2 Night

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Haven, Jingshan park(Panorama of Forbidden City + sunset), Summer Palace, Kunming Lake Boat Ride, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Mutianyu Great Wall,Bird's Nest, Water Cube

Tour Style:Discover the wonders of Beijing on our 3-Day Classic Beijing Highlights Tour, curated for first-time visitors. Language barriers vanish with expert guides, while private car transfers ensure a seamless exploration of the city's iconic sites.

View Details
From $278 p/p

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Morning market, Beihai park, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Jingshan park

Tour Style:Embark on an exclusive journey through Beijing's renowned attractions with our private tour, designed to provide an intimate exploration of the city's highlights. Immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Nanluoguxiang Hutongs, where you can leisurely stroll or opt for a charming rickshaw ride (optional). Discover the warmth of local families, savor an authentic Beijing lunch, and engage in the rich tapestry of Beijing's folk arts.Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included.

View Details
From $80 p/p

Duration:5 Days, 4 Night

Attractions(Cities):Mutianyu Great Wall, Bird's Nest, Water Cube,Qianmen Street, Morning market, Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Jingshan park (overlooking the Forbidden City & sunset), Temple of Heaven, Nanluoguxiang Huton, Facial Makeup Painting, 798 Art Zone

Tour Style:The overall style of the itinerary embodies an immersive journey through Beijing's imperial history and rich cultural tapestry. Each day offers a blend of iconic sightseeing experiences, such as exploring historic landmarks like the Great Wall and the Forbidden City, with opportunities for cultural immersion, including traditional activities like kite flying, Tai Chi, and hutong exploration. The itinerary strikes a balance between historical exploration and authentic cultural encounters, providing travelers with a comprehensive and enriching experience of Beijing's vibrant heritage.

View Details
From $186 p/p

Live Chat

Share to

Certificate of Excellence
2012~2024

Tripadvisor

Your Way Holiday

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Online Chat ID: *
Leave your online Chat ID here. We will get in touch with you within 10 minutes.
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.  浙ICP备18056007号-2

WhatsApp
Wechat
Skype
To Top