24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881
Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Marco Polo Bridge

Marco Polo Bridge

Marco_Polo_Bridge_1.jpg

Introduction
Marco polo bridge is a stone bridge located 15 km southwest of Beijing city center in the Fengtai District. It bridges the Yongding River, a major tributary of Hai River. According to historical records, the "Lugou River is also called the Heishui (Black Water) River." In the local dialect in ancient times, lu (reed) meant black; Thus the Heishui River became known as the Lugou River, and the bridge was accordingly given the same name. 

History & Background
                                                               Over this river there is a very fine stone bridge, so fine indeed, that it has very few equals in the world.

                                                                                      — The Travels of Marco Polo
Construction of the original bridge on this site commenced in 1189, the final year of Emperor Shizong of Jin's reign and was completed under his successor in 1192. Following damage from the flooding Yongding, the bridge was reconstructed under the Kangxi Emperor of the Qing dynasty in 1698. The Marco Polo Bridge is well-known because it was highly praised by the Venetian traveler Marco Polo during his visit to China in the 13th century (leading the bridge to become known in Europe simply as the Marco Polo Bridge), and for the 20th century Marco Polo Bridge Incident, which marked the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945).

Following the Communist takeover of China in 1949, the bridge was decked in asphalt and carried motor vehicular traffic.

Structure & Architecture
The Marco Polo Bridge is 266.5 meters (874 ft) in length and 9.3 m (30.5 ft) in width, supported on 10 piers and 11 segmental arches. Hundreds of artistically unique stone lions from different eras line both sides of the bridge. The most intriguing feature of these beasts is the fact that there are more lions hiding on the head, back or under the belly or on paws of each of the big lions.

Marco_Polo_Bridge_2.jpgMarco_Polo_Bridge_3.jpg

The people of Beijing have a saying to the effect that "the lions of the Lugou Bridge are too numerous to count," which is explained by the fact that the lions are carved in a great variety of aspects and distributed unequally among the 280 white marble posts. A pair of vividly carved reclining stone elephants and a number of other animal figures guards each end of the bridge. 

Marco_Polo_Bridge_5.jpgMarco_Polo_Bridge_7.jpg

However, record has it that there were originally a total of 627 lions. The posture of each lion varies, as do their ages. Most date from the Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, some are from the earlier Yuan dynasty (1271–1368); while the few lions dating from as long ago as the Jin dynasty (1115-1234) are now quite rare, for the 800 years since its completion, the bridge has been a well known scenic spot in Beijing.

As well as being famed for its aesthetic features, Marco Polo Bridge is also considered to be an architectural masterpiece. It is built of granite, with a large central arch flanked by ten smaller ones. Each of the ten piers is protected by triangular iron pillars that have been installed to prevent damage by flood and ice.

Marco_Polo_Bridge_4.jpg

Marco Polo Bridge Incident
On July 7, 1937, the Japanese army launched a military exercise near Lugouqiao (Marco Polo Bridge) in southwestern Beijing (Beiping). They later claimed one of their soldiers was missing and asked to enter the Wanping County to look for him. Knowing the Chinese army would reject the request, they used this as an excuse to launch a full scale attack.

The intruding Japanese forces assaulted Lugou Bridge or Lugouqiao(known as the Marco Polo Bridge), and Chinese defending soldiers responded by gun fire. This has been known as the world-famous Lugou Bridge Incident, which marked the beginning of Japan's all-out aggression against China as well as of China's War of Resistance to Japan.

Thereafter July 7 became the very day for marking the incident.

Fighting courageously and uninterruptedly against Japanese aggressor troops for eight straight years, Chinese people the final victory on August 15, 1945 when Japan surrendered unconditionally. 

Information

How to get to Marco Polo Bridge
1. Take bus 309, 329, 339, 458, 459, 624, 661, 662 or 952 and get off at Lugou Xinqiao Station.

2. Take bus 77, 96, 97, 133, 310, 313, 452, 843, 896, 983, or Fast Transit Line 45, 97, 145, or Special Line 17 and get off at Kangzhan Diaosuyuan (Sculpture Garden) Station.

3.Take Subway Line 14 and get off at Dawayao Station. Get out from Exit D.
Then take bus 339 at Xidaokou Bei Station and get off at Lugou Xinqiao Station.

Openning Hours
April - October: 07:00 to 20:00
November - March: 07:00 to 18:00  

Admission Fee: CNY 20

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Most Popular Beijing City Highlights Day Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City,Temple of Heaven,Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:One of most recommended Beijing day tours, to visit the most famous tourist sites includes Beijing Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and experience the Beijing Hutong culture within one day.

View Details
From $65 p/p
One Day Private Beijing Essence Highlights Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Booking one day Beijing highlights tour will let you to visit the main attractions in Beijing city, includes Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $70 p/p
2-Day Classic Beijing City Sightseeing Tour Package

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Lama Temple, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:By this 2 days Beijing city sightseeing tour to discover the top sights around Beijing with personal tour guide and driver. Tour to the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Temple of Heaven and the historic temples, head out to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China as well.

View Details
From $135 p/p
All-Inclusive Private Day Tour of Beijing Highlights for First Time Travelers

Duration:8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Temple of Heaven, Beijing Hutongs

Tour Style:Visiting the highlights in Beijing city on a full day Beijing Private Tour for frist time travel in Beijing. The tour includes private transport, lunch, and central hotel pickup and drop-off.

View Details
From $75 p/p
Private 2-day Beijing City Highlights Tour

Duration:2 Days, 1Night

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Mutianyu Greatwall, Temple of Heaven, Ming Tombs

Tour Style:Beijing 2 Day Package Tour covers major place to see in Beijing. With our professional Beijing tour guide will know the history of Forbbiden city, experience the hiking on the Great Wall...

View Details
From $145 p/p

Live Chat

Certificate of Excellence
2018

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2017

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2016

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Contact Phone Number: *
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

ASTA Pata CATS IATA

We accept:

We accept

Email:

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.