24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378

Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Huabiao

Huabiao

Huabiao.jpg

Introduction
Huabiao is a type of ceremonial columns used in traditional Chinese architecture. Huabiao are traditionally erected in front of palaces and tombs. The prominence of their placement have made them one of the emblems of traditional Chinese culture. When placed outside palaces, they can also be called bangmu. When placed outside a tomb, they can also be called shendaozhu.

History & Background
Classical texts in China attribute the beginning of the huabiao to Shun, a legendary leader traditionally dated to the 23rd-22nd century BC. Some say it developed from the totem poles of ancient tribes. The Huainanzi describes the feibangmu, or bangmu for short, literally "commentary board", as a wooden board set up on main roads to allow the people to write criticism of government policies. However, tradition holds that by the mid-Xia dynasty, the king had moved the bangmu in front of the palace, in order to control public criticism. During the notorious reign of King Li of Zhou, the king would monitor those who wrote on the bangmu, and those who criticised the government would be killed. The practical use of the bangmu gradually diminished as a result of such practices.

In the Han dynasty, the bangmu became merely a symbol of the government's responsibility to the people. These were erected near bridges, palaces, city gates and tombs; the name huabiao arose during this time. During the Southern and Northern Dynasties, the Liang dynasty restored the institution of the bangmu, by installing boxes next to the bangmu. Those wishing to air grievances or to comment on government policies could post their writings in these boxes. However, by this time, the column itself was no longer treated as a bulletin board.

It is thought that, in their use on spirit roads, the huabiao replaced the ornate que towers, which were commonly used during the Eastern Han dynasty (25–220 AD).

Structure
Extant huabiao are typically made from white marble. A huabiao is typically made up of four components. At the bottom is a square base, called a sumeru base, which is decorated with bas-relief depictions of dragons, lotuses, and other auspicious symbols. Above is a column, decorated with a coiled dragon and auspicious clouds. Near the top, the column is crossed by a horizontal stone board in the shape of a cloud (called the "cloud board"). The column is topped by a round cap, called the chenglupan (???) "dew-collecting plate" (see fangzhu). At the top of the cap sits a mythical creature called the denglong (Chinese: ??), one of the "nine children of the dragon", which is said to have the habit of watching the sky. Its role atop the huabiao is said to be to communicate the mood of the people to the Heavens above.

Huabiao_2.jpgHuabiao_3.jpg

Source: Wikipedia

Mosted Asked Questions about Huabiao

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Duration:7 - 8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Immerse yourself in the Historic city of Beijing during a full-day tour of the city’s most significant historical sites: Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Tian’anmen Square and the Summer Palace. The four sightseeing spots provide great insight into the palace life and the imperial court ceremonials of more than 600 years ago. Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $79 p/p

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Optional activities: Legend of Kung Fu Show; Peking duck Dinner

Tour Style:Join an expert guide for a private tour of Beijing’s most fascinating destinations and UNESCO Sites, from the Forbidden City to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China. Take the stress out of planning transport by having hotel/Airport/Train station pickup and drop-off included. Flexible tour with a choice to enjoy an evening show or eat an authentic Chinese delicacy – Peking duck to enhance the tour experience.

View Details
From $195 p/p

Duration:3 Day 2 Night

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Haven, Jingshan park(Panorama of Forbidden City + sunset), Summer Palace, Kunming Lake Boat Ride, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Mutianyu Great Wall,Bird's Nest, Water Cube

Tour Style:Discover the wonders of Beijing on our 3-Day Classic Beijing Highlights Tour, curated for first-time visitors. Language barriers vanish with expert guides, while private car transfers ensure a seamless exploration of the city's iconic sites.

View Details
From $278 p/p

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Morning market, Beihai park, Nanluoguxiang Hutong, Jingshan park

Tour Style:Embark on an exclusive journey through Beijing's renowned attractions with our private tour, designed to provide an intimate exploration of the city's highlights. Immerse yourself in the vibrant atmosphere of Nanluoguxiang Hutongs, where you can leisurely stroll or opt for a charming rickshaw ride (optional). Discover the warmth of local families, savor an authentic Beijing lunch, and engage in the rich tapestry of Beijing's folk arts.Convenient round-trip transportation from your Beijing hotel/Airport/Train station is included.

View Details
From $80 p/p

Duration:5 Days, 4 Night

Attractions(Cities):Mutianyu Great Wall, Bird's Nest, Water Cube,Qianmen Street, Morning market, Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Jingshan park (overlooking the Forbidden City & sunset), Temple of Heaven, Nanluoguxiang Huton, Facial Makeup Painting, 798 Art Zone

Tour Style:The overall style of the itinerary embodies an immersive journey through Beijing's imperial history and rich cultural tapestry. Each day offers a blend of iconic sightseeing experiences, such as exploring historic landmarks like the Great Wall and the Forbidden City, with opportunities for cultural immersion, including traditional activities like kite flying, Tai Chi, and hutong exploration. The itinerary strikes a balance between historical exploration and authentic cultural encounters, providing travelers with a comprehensive and enriching experience of Beijing's vibrant heritage.

View Details
From $186 p/p

Live Chat

Share to

Certificate of Excellence
2012~2024

Tripadvisor

Your Way Holiday

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Online Chat ID: *
Leave your online Chat ID here. We will get in touch with you within 10 minutes.
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.  浙ICP备18056007号-2

WhatsApp
Wechat
Skype
To Top