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Gubeikou Great Wall


Gubeikou, situated in Beijing's Miyun County, is 125 kilometers away from Beijing proper. It has long been a town of military significance and an important passage to the capital city. The Yanshan Range winds from east to west and is cut off at Gubeikou, forming a natural narrow pass here. 

To the west of the pass are the Chaohe River and the Wohu Mountain, and to the east is the Panlong Mountain. From ancient times, Gubeikou has served as a route of strategic importance, linking the southern and northern areas of the Yanshan Range.

History & Bacground
As early as 2,500 years ago, a fortification was built here and was constantly reinforced throughout the following dynasties.  The earliest Great Wall construction began in 556 during the Northern Qi Dynasty, but it was built with dirt and stone, and it's not well preserved. The best preserved watchtower of the Northern Qi Great Wall there is 'Big Flower Tower' (Dahualou). 

After about 800 years, in the Ming Dynasty (1368–1644), the Gubeikou Great Wall was extended and enhanced with more beacon towers and pass gates. The last construction took place in 1567. No rebuilding or renovation was done since then. 

Construction & Architecture
The main part of today's Gubeikou Wall was constructed under the supervision of Xu Da, a noted general in the Ming Dynasty. It runs for more than 20 kilometers and consists of four sections: Wohushan, Panlongshan, Jinshanling, and Simatai. It has 143 beacon towers, each positioned at an average interval of 156 meters. The nearest two are only 30 meters apart. The inside of these towers varies in design.


While some have a flat ceiling, others either have an arched ceiling, a domed ceiling, or an octagonal, painted ceiling. Each tower has two floors, six archways, and ten arched doors, allowing garrisoned soldiers to advance and retreat freely. The towers are also different in size. The largest one can accommodate a garrison of 100 soldiers, and the smallest one a garrison of 10 soldiers. The towers often have one to six portholes.

Location: 146 kilometers (90 miles) from Beijing, 2 hours’ drive.
Features: Wild and unrestored, Gubeikou protected an important pass to Beijing from northern Mongol areas. Over 130 battles happened there.
Facilities: None
Best times to go: spring and autumn

Tour The Gubeikou Great Wall with Beijing Private Tour 
We will provide a private & spacious car and a local professional tour guide with over 5 years guiding experience only work for you or your group. You will be escorted during your tour. Transport, ticket, and dining (At some local restaurants popular with locals) all we will arrange for you according your requirements. Please check our most popular Beijing Tours including The Gubeikou Great Wall as below: 

Are the above sample tour programs not suitable for you? We have more Great Wall Tours. Our tours can be tailor-made based on your requirements and budget to create unique Great Wall Tour experiences that allow you to interact with the local people and culture. Our enthusiastic tour expert will promptly reply you in details within 24 hours. Email to: beijing@tripstoshanghai.com

Mosted Asked Questions about Gubeikou Great Wall

1. How to get to Gubeikou Great Wall from Beijing?

By Bus
1) Start from Dongzhimen station and take Bus line No.980 Express, drop off a Miyun bus station, then transfer to the bus line Mi 25 to Gubeikou Great Wall.
2) Start from Dongzhimen station and catch L677/8 tourism bus;(Departure from 07:36am everyday, arrive in Gubeikou town at 11:03am)

By Car/Taxi
Drive or hire a taxi from Beijing downtown to Gubeikou. Taxi fair: about CNY 500 for one way.

2. When is the Best visit Gubeikou Great Wall?

April, may, September and October are the best time to visit the Gubeikou Great Wall. The temperature is fantastic and the scenery is most pleasant. And it's not as crowded as it was from June to August.

3. What is the Opening Hours and Tickets Price?

Opening hours: 24 Hours; Entrance fee: CNY 45

4. What to Wear when we hiking on the Gubeikou Great Wall?

It takes a lot of time and energy to climb the Gubeikou Great Wall. Please wear clothes suitable for hiking. In spring and autumn, you need some warm clothes. There are not many watch towers on Gubeikou Great Wall, you must take sunscreen clothes in summer.

5. What to bring when we hiking on the Gubeikou Great Wall?

Generally speaking, it will takes at least 4-5 hours to hiking on the Gubeikou Great Wall. There are no shops and restaurants for rest along the way. Please prepare enough water and dry food. Some commonly used drugs are also necessary.

6. What to see on Gubeikou Great Wall?

Gubeikou Great Wall is one of the most important passes in the Great Wall, and one of the throat fortresses in the Great Wall. There are many famous relics. There are 14 beacon towers in Gubeikou Great Wall with a total length of more than 40 kilometers, among which the famous Big Flower Tower with the Beiqi Great Wall and the commanding heights of Gubeikou great wall are Wangjing Tower, Sister Tower, Fairy Tower, General Building, Water Pass Relics, etc. The Three Eyes Well: Yufeng well, Simatai Tianchi, Yanglinggong temple, Yaowang temple and Caishen temple near Gubeikou Great Wall.

7. Where is Gubeikou Great Wall?

Gubeikou Great Wall is located in the southeast of Gubeikou Town, Miyun District. It is about 120 kilometers away from Beijing downtown, and is located in the shallow hill area in the south of Yanshan mountain, Panlong mountain and Wohu mountain. It consists of Wohushan section, Panlongshan section, Jinshanling section and Simatai section.

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