24 Hours Hotline: +86 137-3541-1378
+86 157-0009-4881
Email:

Your Location: Home > Beijing Attractions > Kunming Lake

Kunming Lake

Kunming_Lake_1.jpg

Introdution
Kunming Lake is the central lake on the grounds of the Summer Palace in Beijing, China. Together with the Longevity Hill, Kunming Lake forms the key landscape features of the Summer Palace gardens.

With an area of 2.2 square kilometres (0.8 sq mi), Kunming Lake covers approximately three quarters of the Summer Palace grounds. It is quite shallow, with an average depth of only 1.5 metres (5 ft).

History & Background
Kunming Lake is a man-made lake. Its predecessors were called Wengshan (Jar Hill) Pond and Xihu Lake. They were reservoirs which had been used as sources of water both for the city and irrigation of fields over a period of 3,500 years. Guo Shoujing, a famous astronomer and engineer in his time, developed it into a reservoir for the capital of the Yuan Dynasty in 1291. The conversion of the area into an imperial garden was commissioned by the Qianlong Emperor with the work being carried out between 1750 and 1764. In the course of creating the gardens, the lake area was extended by a workforce of almost 10,000 laborers.

In the year 1990 and 1991, the Beijing Municipal Government undertook the first dredging of the lake in 240 years. A total of 652,600 cubic metres (853,600 cu yd) of sludge were removed in the work. 205 Japanese bombs dropped during the Sino-Japanese War were also found.

Highlight (What to see)
Kunming Lake is designed to represent the traditional Chinese gardening practice of "one pond, three hills" (一池三山). Like the islands in Hangzhou's West Lake and the Forbidden City's Taiye Lake, they were intended to represent three islands of the immortals mentioned in the Classic of Mountains and Seas: Penglai, Yingzhou, and Fangzhang. Kunming's three are named "South Lake Island", "Round Fort Island", and "Algæ-view Hall Island" 

Many features of Kunming Lake are inspired by natural scenery from the region south of the Yangtze River. In particular, the West Dike is a recreation of the famous Sudi Dike on West Lake in Hangzhou. It cuts diagonally through the southern part of the lake. Like the Sudi Dike, the West Dike is connected through six bridges, each with its own distinctive style: Jiehu, Binfeng, Yudai, Jing, Lian, and Liu.

The largest bridge on Kunming Lake is the 17-Arch Bridge that connects the eastern shore with South Lake Island, representing Penglai.[citation needed] Close to the bridge on the eastern shore stands a bronze ox sculpture. According to Chinese legend, Yu the Great used an iron ox to prevent flooding. Since the bronze ox is located on the eastern dike of Kunming Lake in the direction of the Forbidden City, it was probably erected in order to protect the Forbidden City from flooding.

Kunming_Lake_2.jpg

Questions & Answers or Review
* Full Name
* E-mail
* Title of your review
* Your review
 

The following Beijing Private Tours may also interest you!

Most Popular Beijing City Highlights Day Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Forbidden City,Temple of Heaven,Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:One of most recommended Beijing day tours, to visit the most famous tourist sites includes Beijing Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and experience the Beijing Hutong culture within one day.

View Details
From $65 p/p
One Day Private Beijing Essence Highlights Tour

Duration:6-8 hours

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Summer Palace

Tour Style:Booking one day Beijing highlights tour will let you to visit the main attractions in Beijing city, includes Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven and Summer Palace. It is an ideal trip during your stort stay in Beijing!

View Details
From $70 p/p
2-Day Classic Beijing City Sightseeing Tour Package

Duration:2 Days, 1 Night

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Lama Temple, Forbidden City, Tian'anmen Square, Mutianyu Great Wall, Summer Palace, Nanluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:By this 2 days Beijing city sightseeing tour to discover the top sights around Beijing with personal tour guide and driver. Tour to the Forbidden City, Tiananmen Square, Temple of Heaven and the historic temples, head out to the Mutianyu section of the Great Wall of China as well.

View Details
From $135 p/p
Private 2-day Beijing City Highlights Tour

Duration:2 Days, 1Night

Attractions(Cities):Tiananmen Square, Forbidden City, Mutianyu Greatwall, Temple of Heaven, Ming Tombs

Tour Style:Beijing 2 Day Package Tour covers major place to see in Beijing. With our professional Beijing tour guide will know the history of Forbbiden city, experience the hiking on the Great Wall...

View Details
From $145 p/p
3-Day Beijing Scenic Tour with Mutianyu Great Wall

Duration:3 Days, 2 Nights

Attractions(Cities):Temple of Heaven, Tian'anmen Square, Forbidden City, Summer Palace, Mutianyu Great Wall, Dingling Tomb, Bird's Nest, Lama Temple, Drum Tower, Nuluoguxiang Hutong

Tour Style:Create your perfect Beijing tour itinerary with this private 3-day combo package. Visit up to 10 attractions of your choice including the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Forbidden City, and Tiananmen Square; enjoy the convenience of daily hotel pickup and private transport; and explore each attraction at your own pace.

View Details
From $255 p/p

Live Chat

Certificate of Excellence
2018

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2017

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Certificate of Excellence
2016

tripadvisor

China Private Tours-Day Tour

Your Idea of Your Trip
Adults:
(>11 years old)
Children:
(2 - 11 years old)
Babies:
(< 2 years old)
Date of trip
Hotel Class
Any specific requests/interests?
Contact Information

(Your Privacy is Protected)

Full Name: *
E-mail: *
Your Age: *
Nationality: *
Contact Phone Number: *
Submit

Tailor-Made

1 to 1 tailor-made service from our professional travel advisors for the most sophisticated

Authentic

Constantly excellent reviews for attraction, hotel and service Competitive price

Value Guarantee

Local experts provide quality tours Best selected knowledgeable local guides Authentic local restaurants

Stress-free Guaranteed

7*24 hours available to create you a worry-free tour. No Hidden Fees and absolutely no pressure to buy. Secured

Who choose us

ASTA Pata CATS IATA

We accept:

We accept

Email:

Copyright © 2017 Chinabeijingprivatetour.com All rights reserved.